Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Image12  HAROLD FROMM


Harold Fromm lives in Tucson and is University Associate in English at the University of Arizona as well as a member of the UA’s Institute of the Environment. He is the author of The Nature of Being Human: From Environmentalism to Consciousness, Academic Capitalism and Literary Value, and co-editor of The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology.[More] His writings have appeared in a wide range of journals and he is a regular contributor to the Hudson Review. [EMAIL ADDRESS: Click here. ]

Google Scholar Citations (as of July 24, 2013):


[For a complete BIBLIOGRAPHY, click here.]


“Ecocriticism at Twenty-five,” an overview of ecocriticism’s history, with commentary on several  recent ecocritical books. In a special 65th anniversary environmental issue of the Hudson Review.  Spring 2013 (66:1): 196-208. From UA Inst. Of the Environment, see also:

Groping For Groups (A review of E.O. Wilson’s The Social Conquest of Earth and Jonathan Haidt’s The Righteous Mind) in Hudson Review, Winter 2013 (65:4):652-58.

Cheryll Glotfelty is interviewed in PMLA on the genesis of ecocriticism, with replies from Harold Fromm, Michelle Balaev, and Cheryll Glotfelty:

 PMLA May 2012 (v.127/3) and PMLA October 2012 (v.127/4).

How We became So Beautiful and Bright: Deep History and Evolutionary Anthropology, in Hudson Review, Spring 2012 (65:1): 19-35. Discusses Deep History: The Architecture of Past and Present, ed. by Andrew Shryock & Daniel Lord Smith; The Evolution of the Human Head, by Daniel E. Lieberman; and The Human Condition by Robert G. Bednarik. [In a printout, black margins are removed.] A major section of this review has been reproduced with some alterations in Rock Art Research 2012 - Volume 29, Number 2.

Vegans vs. Evolution, in The Evolutionary Review, volume 3, 2012.


“It’s Only a Theory,” or At My Back I Cringe to Hear/ The Texas School Board Drawing Near: review of Dawkins and Coyne on evolution, in The Evolutionary Review, volume 2, 2011: 224-29.

Against Representation: Ralph Vaughan Williams and the Erotics of Art, in Hudson Review, Summer 2010 (63:2): 277-86

Free as We Need to Be, in Politics and Culture, 2010 Issue 1 (April 29th) 

Michael Phelps, Domenico Scarlatti, and Scott Ross, in Hudson Review, Winter 2010 (62:4): 631-8.

Two Brains Better Than One: review of Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique, by Michael Gazzaniga, in The Evolutionary Review, vol. 1 [2010]: 59-61. 

The Nature of Being Human: From Environmentalism to Consciousness

Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.  REVIEWS

Fromm . . . presents a complex, densely written discussion on the relationship between materiality (physical person who ostensibly believes in free will and decision making derived from experience) and consciousness (defined by neuroscience as directed by neurons and synapses that are self-directing, deterministic systems). He illuminates the connection between these seemingly disparate topics by revealing the shift in his reflective analytical thoughts across several decades. Essentially his perspective is an evolved conclusion that the humanities, his primary academic background, are seriously flawed in light of the implications of environmental events. He further indicates that this discipline is failing to even consider the implications of what science is reporting about how free-will humans function as they do. [CHOICE, October 2009]

Collecting Science: review of Alan Sokal’s Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosophy and Culture, with brief notice of The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, edited by Richard Dawkins and  American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau, edited by Bill McKibben, in Hudson Review, Autumn 2008 (61:3): 573-9

Arguing for Embodied Consciousness:  review of Edward Slingerland’s What Science Offers the Humanities, in Science, October 10, 2008 (322: 195-6)

Pinker and Johnson on Human Nature, in Hudson Review, Spring 2008 (61:1): 220-6. [PDF] (Also html)

J.S. Bach in the Twenty-First Century: The Chapel Becomes a Larder, in Hudson Review, Winter 2008 (60:4): 543-62. [PDF]    

 Review of this essay in the Wilson Quarterly, Spring 2008



Michael Pollan’s Ecology of Food, in Hudson Review, Autumn 2006: 517-24.

Science Wars and Beyond, in Philosophy and Literature, 2006,30: 580-589.

Review of  Richard Dawkins: How a Scientist Changed the Way We Think, eds. Alan Grafen & Mark Ridley, in Evolutionary Psychology 2006:4. []

Daniel Dennett and the Brick Wall of Consciousness, in Hudson Review, Spring 2006: 161-68.

Reading with Selection in Mind:  review of The Literary Animal: Evolution and the Nature of Narrative, ed Gottschall & Wilson. In Science, Feb. 3, 2006 (311: 612-13)

Letter to PMLA  on science and the humanities (“Forum,” January 2006, vol. 121 #1, p.297)

Back to Bacteria: Richard Dawkins’ Fabulous Bestiary, in Hudson Review, Autumn 2005: 519-27.

Review of John Searle’s Mind: a Brief Introduction in Georgia Review, Fall 2005

Muses, Spooks, Neurons and the Rhetoric of “Freedom,” in New Literary History, Spring 2005 (36: 147-59).

Evolution, Ecology, and the Western Diet—with a Glance at Jared Diamond, Michael Pollan, and Gary Nabhan (delivered in June 2005 at the conference of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment [ASLE], held at the  University of Oregon).

Full-Stomach Wilderness and the Suburban Esthetic, in Holding Common Ground: The Individual and Public Lands in the American West, ed. Paul Lindholdt & Derrick Knowles. Eastern Washington University Press, 2005.

Overcoming the Oversoul: Emerson’s Evolutionary Existentialism, in Hudson Review, Spring 2004: 71-95.

Ecocriticism’s Big Bang in Logos, Summer 2004 []

                        The New Darwinism in the Humanities:

                        Part One: From Plato to Pinker, in Hudson Review, Spring 2003 (pdf)   

                        Part Two: Back to Nature, Again, in Hudson Review, Summer 2003 (pdf)

                        (Both parts as one html)

Ecology and Ecstasy on Interstate 80  (on ecology, technology, and the arts) in Hudson Review, Spring 1998: 65-78.

My Science Wars in Hudson Review 49 (Winter 1997):599-609. (pdf) This essay is one of the early accounts of the issue of Social Text that is reputed to have set off the so-called science wars.

A Crucifix for Dracula as html  A Crucifix for Dracula as pdf

This review from Hudson Review, Winter 2001, vol.. 53 #4 [657-64], deals with the trashing of Edward O. Wilson's Consilience by Wendell Berry in his book, Life is a Miracle. Berry's reply and my reply to him subsequently appeared in the Summer 2001 of Hudson Review.

Berry/Fromm replies: This is the exchange that followed publication of "A Crucifix for Dracula."

Aldo Leopold, Aesthetic ‘Anthropocentrist This essay appeared in the first issue of ISLE(Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature & Environment) in 1993 and was anthologized in 2003 in The ISLE Reader from U. of Georgia Press.

Postmodern Ecologizing: Circumference Without a Center [Hudson Review 48 (Winter 1996):691-99] pdf  This account of Lawrence Buell’s The Environmental Imagination is both a literary and an ecological critique of Buell’s work.

The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology,  The University of Georgia Press, 1996

A trilogy on air pollution and ecology:

On Being Polluted [Yale Review 65 (Summer 1976): 614-29] pdf

From Transcendence to Obsolescence: A Route Map [Georgia Review 32 (Fall 1978): 543-552] pdf

Air and Being: The Psychedelics of Pollution [Massachusetts Review 24 (Autumn 1983): 660-68] pdf

ACADEMIC FEUDS (from a fading past):

Harold Fromm, Henry Louis Gates, Mary Louise Pratt, Michael Awkward:

From Race, Writing, and Difference, ed. Henry Louis Gates, U. of Chicago Press, 1986. The items in the book originally appeared in Critical Inquiry, Autumn 1985 and 1986.  The texts below have been taken from the Autumn 1986 issue.

Harold Fromm: “The Hegemonic Form of Othering; or The Academic’s Burden.”

Mary Louise Pratt: “A Reply to Harold Fromm.”

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.: “Talkin’ That Talk.”

From New Literary History,  Autumn 1988 (20: 49-64).

Harold Fromm: "Real Life, Literary Criticism, and the Perils of Bourgeoisification."


Harold Fromm: a reply to Michael Awkward’s criticisms of the above in American Literary History.




Against Representation: Ralph Vaughan Williams and the Erotics of Art, in Hudson Review, Summer 2010 (63:2): 277-86.

Michael Phelps, Domenico Scarlatti, and Scott Ross, in Hudson Review, Winter 2010 (62:4): 631-8.

J.S. Bach in the Twenty-First Century: The Chapel Becomes a Larder, in Hudson Review, Winter 2008 (60:4): 543-62.

Review of this essay in the Wilson Quarterly, Spring 2008

Toscanini, Then and Now ,  in Hudson Review 55 Winter 2003 (55:4):  662-70.

Eyes of Blue, Ears of Tin, from The New Republic, July 20, 1968. Here, from my earliest salad days, the roots of my later take on music vs. texts.



The Nature of Being Human: From Environmentalism to Consciousness: 2009, Johns Hopkins UP

The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology: 1996, University of Georgia Press

Academic Capitalism and Literary Value: 1991, University of Georgia Press

Bernard Shaw and the Theater in the Nineties: 1967, University of Kansas Press



Coetzee’s Postmodern Animals [Hudson Review 53 (Summer 2000): 657-64] pdf

Myths and Mishegaas: Robert Graves and Laura Riding [Hudson Review 44 (Summer 1991): 189-202]

Sylvia Plath: Hunger Artist [Hudson Review 43 (Summer 1990): 245-56]

Ford Madox Ford Unmuddled? [Hudson Review 44 (Winter 1992): 649-58] pdf

Wrestling With Heidegger [Hudson Review 51 (Winter 1999): 681-90] pdf

Andrew Ross and the Curse of Postmodernism [Hudson Review 49 (Summer 1996): 323-30] pdf

Holroyd/Strachey/Shaw: Art and Archives in Literary Biography [Hudson Review 52 (Summer 1989): 201-21] pdf

Toscanini, Then and Now [Hudson Review 55 (Winter 2003): 662-70] pdf

Genius or Fudge? The Clouded Alembics of Magister Poe [Hudson Review 45 (Summer 1992): 301-9] pdf

O, Paglia Mia! [Hudson Review 48 (Summer 1995):  308-16] pdf

Establishing A Way in  a World of Conflicts, in Teaching the Conflicts: Gerald Graff, Curricular Reform, and the Culture Wars, edited by William E. Cain. [Garland Publishing, NY & London, 1994, 67-77] pdf

“Scholarship, Politics, and the MLA” (review of Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures by Joseph Gibaldi) Hudson Review  46 (Spring 1993): 157-68.

If a Poem is Like a Painting, What’s a History of Poetry Like? Review of David Perkins, A History of Modern Poetry:  Modernism and After

[Poetry, vol. 151, no. 3 (Dec. 1987) 296-310]


Leonard and Virginia Woolf:

Virginia Woolf: Art and Sexuality [Virginia Quarterly Review 55 (Summer 1979): 441-59] pdf

Recycled Lives: Portraits of the Woolfs as Sitting Ducks [Virginia Quarterly Review 61:3 (Summer 1985): 396-417] pdf

Leonard Woolf and His Virgins [Hudson Review 38 (Winter 1986): 551-69] pdf

Service Not Power: Leonard Woolf’s Letters [Hudson Review 43 (Spring 1990): 170-75] pdf

Between the Acts: The Demiurge Made Flesh [Southern Humanities Review 15 (Summer 1981): 209-17] pdf

To The Lighthouse: Music and Sympathy [English Miscellany 19 (1968): 181-95] pdf




A number of the items in the bibliography have been collected in Fromm: Academic Capitalism and Literary Value, U. of Georgia Press, 1991.

Harold Fromm has a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has taught in English departments at Wisconsin-Madison, Oakland University, Wayne State, Brooklyn College, Indiana University Northwest, and the University of Illinois at Chicago. He now has a research appointment at the University of Arizona in association with the Department of English along with a membership in the UA Institute of the Environment.